Great Britain - Великобритания (2)

The United Kingdom and Notheren Ireland are situated on the British Isles. The British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland, of a great number of small islands. Their total area is over 244,000 square kilometers. The coasts of Great Britain are washed by the North Sea, the Irish Sea and the English Channel, which separate it from Europe.

Great Britain consists of three parts: England, Scotland and Wales. Notheren Ireland belohgs to the United Kingdom and borders on the independent Irish Republic, which occupies a bigger part of the island. There are many rivers in the United Kingdom, the longest and the deepest of them are the Themes and the Severn.

The mountains of the islands are not very high. Great Britain has some mineral resourses, first of all, the deposits of coal and iron ore, which were the basis fo British industrial revolution. Vast deposits of oil and gas were discovered in the North Sea.

The climate of the Great Britain is mild and humid because of the influence of the warm curremt, the Gulf Stream. Winters are not too cold and summers are rather cool. Tile weather is not stable and changes all the time. There are allways thick fogs and sudden rains in Britain.

The United Kingdom has a very long history. Many times it was invaged by conquerors from abroad: the Romans, the Vikings, et cetera. It was waged many wars, has had a very strong army and especially navy, and has always played an important part in world politics.

Now Great Britain is highly developed industrial country, one of the leading states of the world. The population of United Kingdom is about sixty million people of various natiolalities. Besides the English, the Scottish, the Welsh and the Irish, there are many immigrants from numerous countries, including former British colonies in Africa, Asia and America.

The capital of the United Kingdom is London. Other big and important cities are: Bristol, Birmingham, Liverpool, Manchester, et cetera.

Politically, Great Britain is a parlamentary monarchy with strong democratic traditions. Nominally, the country is ruled by the King or the Queen. But in fact, the real head of the state is the Prime-Minister.