Education In Britain And Russia - Образование в Велкобритании и России

I'd like to tell you a few words about education in Britain and in Russia and I'd like to start with British education system. In Britain all children from 5 to 16 go to school. There are state schools, which are free and private schools, for which parents pay. Many British private schools are "boarding" schools. The children stay at school during all term and only come home on the holidays. They usually wear uniforms. All state schools in Britain provide their pupils with books and equipment for their students in contrast to Russia. 9 million children attend 35.000 schools in Britain.

Education is compulsory.Parents can choose to send their children to a nursery school or a pre-school play group to prepare them for the start of compulsory education. Children start primary school at 5 and continue for 6 years until they are 11. Most children are tought together, boys and girls in the same class. At 11 most pupils go to secondary schools called comprehensives. 90% of secondary schools in England, Scotland and Wales are co-educational, it means that boys and girls are tought together. At 16 pupils take a national exam called "GCSE" and then they can leave school if they wish. This is the end of compulsory education. Some 16 year-olds continue their studies in the 6-th form at school or at a 6-th form college. This form prepares pupils for a national exam called "A" level at 18. You need "A" levels to enter a university. Universities and colleges of higher education accept students with "A" levels from 18. Students study for a degree which takes on average 3 years of full-time study. Most students graduate at 21-22 and are given their degree at a special graduation ceremony. Then young people try to find a job according to their interests and abilities.

As for Russian education it differs from British but I would not say that the differences are very big, I mean only the systems of course. In Russia children at the age of 3 to 6 years old can go to a preschool if their parents want it. And when they are 7 they go to school. Secondary education is compulsory too. It lasts 11 years now. It consists of 3 levels. The first starts at the age of 7 and continue for 3 or 4 years. The second level is 5 years of instruction with a wide choice of subjects. And the third level consists of 2 years of instruction and every pupil can make particular choice which subjects he or she wants to study. At the end of the 11-th form every pupil takes the final examinations. If pupil wants to study further he tries to enter an institute. If he was successful on the enter examinations he continue study for 5 years in the institute and finally when he graduates from it he receives a diplom. Then, of course, he begins to work.

The main differences between British and Russian education systems, as I think, are:

  1. In Russia pupils don't wear uniforms, although there are many private schools appeared not long ago where pupils have to wear uniform.

  2. In Britain the dicipline in schools is stricter than in Russia. Some things aren't allowed there, for example to miss classes without special permission.

  3. In Britain there are more subjects pupils can study. The choice of these subjects is wider and pupils can easier find the sphere they are interested in.

But on the whole the education systems of our countries are similar. I think that is all really.