Unit 92 - Additional information relative clauses (2)

Перед тем как ознакомиться с данным уроком, прочтите Unit 91.

(a) Предлоги + whom / which

В частях с 'дополнительной информацией' вы можете употреблять предлоги перед словами whom (о людях) и which (о вещах), то есть вы можете сказать to whom, with whom, about which, for which и т.д.:

- Mr. Carter, to whom I spoke on the phone last night, is very interested in our plan.

- Fortunately we had a map, without which we would have got lost.

Однако в разговорном английском мы часто ставим предлог после глагола в уточняющей части предложения. Когда мы так делаем, то обычно употребляем who (а не 'whom'):

- This is Mr. Carter, who I was telling you about.

- Yesterday we visited the city museum, which I'd never been to before.

(b) All of / most of и т.д. + whom / which

Рассмотрите пример:

- Jack has three brothers, all of whom are married.

- Ann has a lot of books, most of which she hasn't read.

Вы также можете сказать: 

none of/many of/much of/(a) few of/some of/any of/half of/each of/both of/neither of/either of/one of/two of и т.д.

+ whom (люди)

+ which (предметы)

- He tried on three jackets, none of which fitted him.

- Two men, neither of whom I had seen before, came into my office.

(с) Which (но не 'what')

Рассмотрите пример:

- Jim passed his driving test, which surprised everybody.

В этом примере which = тот факт, что он прошел тест по вождению. Нельзя употреблять what вместо which в таких предложениях:

- She couldn't come to the party, which was a pity. (а не 'what was a pity')

- The weather was very good, which we hadn't expected. (а не 'what we hadn't expected').

О what смотрите Unit 89c.