Unit 83 - Both/ both of, neither/ neither of, either/ either of

(a) Слова both, neither и either употребляются, когда речь идет о двух предметах сразу:

- Both stores are very good. (а не `the both stores')

- Neither store is expensive.

- We can go to either store. I don't care. (either = любой; либо один, либо другой; все равно который)

- I didn't like either store. (ни тот, ни другой)

(b) Слова both/neither/either могут также употребляться с конструкцией of.... В этом случае необходимо использовать the/these/those/my/your/his и т.д.:

both of the restaurants / both of these restaurants и т.д. (а не 'both of restaurants')

- Both of these stores are very good.

- Neither of the stores we visited was (или were) expensive.

- See either of those films. I don't care.

both может быть с или без предлога of:

both her sisters или both of her sisters

(с) После both of / neither of / either of вы можете употреблять us / you / them:

- Can either of them drive a car?

- I wanted Dill and Jem to stay but neither of them agreed.

Помните, что of очень важен:

- Both of them were very busy. (а не `Both them ...')

(d) После neither of ... вы можете употреблять глагол как в единственном числе, так и во множественном:

- Neither of the students wants (или want) to answer.

- Neither of you has (или have) children.

(e) Запомните пары both... and ..., neither...nor... и either ... or:

- Both Dill and Ann missed the performance.

- We were both tired and hungry.

- Neither Ted nor Sam won the contest.

- He said he would contact me but he neither wrote nor phoned.

- I'm not sure where he is from. He's either French or German.

- Either you apologise or I'll complain on you.

(f) Местоимения both/ neither/ either могут также употребляться без каких-либо дополнительных слов, сами по себе:

- `Is he Spanish or German?' `Neither. He's Austrian'.

- `Do you want lemonade or cherry?' `Either. I don't mind.'

- He didn't know which one to choose. He liked both.

Что касается конструкции I don't either и neither do I, смотри Unit 51c.