Unit 104 - Superlatives the longest, the most enjoyable etc.

(a) Рассмотрим примеры:

What is the longest river the world?

What was the most enjoyable holiday you've ever had?

Longest и most enjoyable - это формы превосходной степени.

(b) Для образования превосходной степени прилагательных и наречий, применяют -est или most .... Обычно употребляют -est для коротких слов и most... для более длинных. (Правила такие же, как и для сравнительной степени - см. Unit 101.) Например: long/longest, hot/hottest, easy/easiest, hard/hardest, но: most famous, most boring, most difficult, most expensive.

Орфографические правила см. Appendix 3.

- Yesterday was the hottest day of the year.

- That was the most boring film I've ever seen.

- `Why did you stay at that hotel?' `It was the cheapest we could find.'

- She is a really nice person - one of the nicest people I know.

Запомните неправильные формы превосходной степени best и worst:

- That was a delicious meal. It's one of the best I've ever had.

- Why does he always come to see me at the worst possible moment?

Не забудьте, обычно мы ставим артикль the с превосходной степенью: `the best', `the most boring' и т.д.

(c) Oldest и eldest

Превосходная степень от old - это oldest:

- That house over there is the oldest building in the town.

Мы употребляем слово eldest, когда говорим о членах одной семьи:

- My eldest son is 13 years old.

- Are you the eldest in your family?

(d) После прилагательных в превосходной степени, говоря о местоположении (города, здания и т.д.), употребляют предлог in:

- What's the longest river in the world? (но не `of the world')

- We were lucky to have one of the nicest rooms in the hotel.

Аналогично:(the best..) in the class/in the team/in the company и т.д. Однако: the happiest day of my life, the hottest day of the year.

Отметьте, мы часто употребляем present perfect (I have done) после прилагательных в превосходной степени. (см. Unit 14a):

- What's the best film you've ever seen?

- That was the most delicious meal I've had for a long time.

(e) Иногда мы говорим most + прилагательное (без `the'), что имеет значение very:

- The book you lent me was most interesting. (= very interesting)

- Thank you for the money. It was most generous of you. (= very generous)