Идиомы на букву C

Идиомы - неотъемлемая часть в любом языке, в том числе и английском. Они отображают многое: и историю страны, и развитие языка, и отношение собеседника и т.д. В английском языке насчитывается более пятнадцати тысяч таких речевых оборотов, они собраны в отдельные словари для тех, кто хочет досконально изучить английский. Задаваясь вопросом, нужны ли они, следует вспомнить, а используем ли мы сами эти идиомы в своем родном, русском языке. Некоторые думают, что вообще ими не пользуются, но это не так. Просто мы уже сами не замечаем, когда применяем эти обороты, они настолько плотно вошли в нашу речь, что мы просто не задумываемся о том, что это и есть идиоматическое выражение. Яркий пример таких оборотов: (поговорить по душам, задушевные разговоры, не вешать нос, спишь без задних ног и т.д.).

С применением этих словосочетаний наша речь становится более яркая, эмоциональная и интересная собеседнику. То же самое происходит и в английской речи. Понятие идиома, определяется как оборот речи (только в этом языке), который не переводится на другой язык суммой значений каждого его слова. Идиоматические выражения при изучении английского языка, или в при его совершенствовании просто необходимо выучить, как теоремы в математике. Они помогут человеку, изучающему язык, более глубоко понять ментальность, образность и культуру его носителей, Ваша речь будет более живой и колоритной.

Помимо дружеских бесед, в разговорах на деловых встречах идиомы английского языка используются журналистами в различных публикациях, такие тексты получаются очень острыми и колоритными, а значит и более интересными читателю. Следует обязательно знать значение идиом и контекст, где их можно употреблять. Так, есть просторечный стиль и более строгий, официальный. Только в этом случае, вы сможете уверенно воспользоваться тем, или иным идиоматическим выражением и не попасть впросак.

При изучении языка у учащихся часто возникают сложности с переводом некоторых фраз, несмотря на то, что грамматическая конструкция их вполне понятна, отдельно взятые слова из фразы имеют определенный перевод, но само выражение не укладывается в одно понятие и теряет всякий смысл, это значит, что они столкнулись с идиомой. Как правило, значение идиомы - это самый настоящий грамматический архаизм, так как её перевод с точки зрении грамматики может не соответствовать нормам, принятым в современном языке (примером таких фразеологизмов на русском языке могут быть: «Точка зрения», «Дать сдачу», «Остаться с носом», «Валять дурака» и т.д.). Изучая английский язык, следует иметь в запасе багаж идиом, выученных наизусть.

cahoots

Cain

cake

calculated risk

calf love

call

call a halt

call a spade a spade

call down

call for

call girl

calling down

call in question

call it a day

call it a night

call it quits

call names

call off

call on

call one's bluff

call one's shot

call on the carpet

call the roll

call the shots

call the tune

call the turn

call to account

call to arms

call to mind

call to order

call out

call up

call upon

calm down

camel

camp

campaign

camp follower

camp out

can

canary

cancel out

cancer stick

candle

canned heat

canned laughter

canned music

canoe

can of worms

can't help but

can't make an omelette without breaking (some) eggs

can't see the wood for the trees

cap

cap the climax

card

cards stacked against one

card up one's sleeve

care

carpet

car pool

carriage trade

carrot and stick

carry

carry a torch

carry a tune

carry away

carry coals to Newcastle

carrying charge

carry on

carry --- off one's feet

carry off the palm

carry on

carry one's cross

carry out

carry over

carry the ball

carry the banner

carry the day

carry the torch

carry the weight of the world on one's shoulders

carry through

carry weight

cart before the horse (to put)

cart off

carved

case

case in point

case the joint

cash

cash-and-carry(1)

cash-and-carry(2)

cash crop

cash in

cash in on

cash on the barrelhead

cast

cast about

cast down

cast in one's lot with

castle in the air

castles in Spain

cast off

cast one's lot with

cast out

cast pearls before swine

cast the first stone

cast up

cat

catch

catch-as-catch-can(1)

catch-as-catch-can(2)

catch at

catch at a straw

catch cold

catch (someone) dead

catch fire

catch flat-footed

catch forty winks

catch hold of

catch it

catch it in the neck

catch off balance

catch off guard

catch on

catch one's breath

catch one's death of

catch one's eye

catch red-handed

catch sight of

catch some rays

catch some Z's

catch-22

catch up

catch with one's pants down

cat got one's tongue

cat has nine lives

cathouse

cat's meow

caught short

cause eyebrows to raise

cause tongues to wag

caution

cave in

cease fire

cease-fire

ceiling

cent

center

century

C.E.O.

ceremony

certain

chain gang

chain letter

chain-smoke

chain stores

chained to the oars

chair

chalk

chalk up

champ at the bit

chance

chance it

chance on

change

change color

change hands

change horses in the middle of a stream

change off

change of heart

change of life

change of pace

change one's mind

change one's tune

change up

character

charge

charge account

charge off

charge something to something

charge up

charge with

charmed life

chase

chase after

chase around

cheapskate

cheat on someone

check

check in

check off

check on someone/thing

check out

check up

check-up

check with

cheek

cheer

cheer on

cheer up

cheese

cheesebox

cheesecake

cherry farm

chest

chew

chew out

chew the fat

chew the scenery

chicken

chicken-brained

chicken feed

chicken-hearted

chicken-livered

chicken out

chickens come home to roost

chicken switch

child

children and fools speak the truth

children should be seen and not heard

child's play

chill

chime in

chin

china shop

China syndrome

chip

chip in

chip off the old block

chip on one's shoulder

chips

chisel

choice

choke off

choke up

choose

chooser

choose up sides

chop

chow line

Christmas

Christmas card

Christmas club

chum around with

cigar-store Indian

circle

circulation

circumstance

circumstances alter cases

circus

citizen

civil

claim

claim check

clamp down

clam up

class

clay

clay pigeon

clean

clean bill of health

clean break

cleaners

clean hands

clean out

clean slate

clean sweep

clean up

clean-up

clear

clear-cut

clear-eyed

clear one's name

clear out

clear the air

clear the decks

clear up

clerk

cliffdweller

clifihanger

climb

climb on the bandwagon

climb the wall

clinging vine

cling to one's mother's apron strings

clip joint

clip one's wings

cloak-and-dagger

clock

clock watcher

close at hand

close call

closed book

closed-door

close down

closed shop

close in

close its doors

close-knit

close one's eyes

dose out

close quarters

close ranks

close shave

closet

close the books

close the door

close to home

close-up

close up shop

clothes

clothing

cloud

clover

club

cluck and grunt

clutch

coal

coast is clear

coat tail

cock

cock-and-bull story

cockeyed

cocksure

C.O.D.

coffee break

coffee hour

coffee table

coffin nail

cog

coin money

cold

cold cash

cold comfort

cold feet

cold fish

cold-shoulder

cold shoulder

cold snap

cold turkey

cold war

collar

collective farm

collector's item

College Boards

color

color guard

color scheme

comb

come

come about

come a cropper

come across

come again

come alive

come along

come a long way

come apart at the seams

come around

come at

come back

comeback

come back to earth

come between

come by

come by honestly

come clean

comedown

come down

come down hard on

come down in the world

come down off one's high horse

come down on like a ton of bricks

come down to earth

come down with

come from far and wide

come full circle

come hell or high water

come home to roost

come in

come in for

come in handy

come into

come into one's own

came natural

come of

come of age

come off

come off it

come off

come off second best

come on

come-on

come one's way

come on strong

come out

coming-out

come out for

come out in the open

come out with

come over

come round

come through

come to

come to a dead end

come to blows

come to grief

come to grips with

come to hand

come to heel

come to life

come to light

come to mind

come to nothing

come to one's senses

come to pass

come to terms

come to the point

come to think of it

come true

come up

come up in the world

come up smelling like a rose

come up to

come up with

come upon

come what may

comfort

comfortable as an old shoe

coming and going

coming out

coming out party

comings and goings

command module

commission

common

common as an old shoe

common ground

common touch

company

company man

compare notes

compliment

conclusion

condition

conference

congregate housing

conk out

consent

consequence

consideration

consumer goods

content

contention

contrary

control room

control tower

conversation

conversation piece

conviction

cook

cook one's goose

cook up

cool

cool as a cucumber

cool customer

cool down

cool one's heels

coon's age

coop

coop up

cop a feel

cop a plea

cop out

cop-out

copy cat

corn ball

corn belt

corner

cost a bomb

cotton

cotton picking

couch case

couch doctor

couch potato

cough up

couldn't care less

counsel

count

countdown

counter

count heads

count off

count on

count one's chickens before they're hatched

count out

count to ten

county mounty

courage

course

court

cousin

cover

cover a lot of ground

covered-dish supper

cover girl

cover ground

cover one's tracks

cover the waterfront

cover up

cover-up

cow

cowboy

cow college

cows tail

cozy up

crack

crack a book

crack a bottle

crack a joke

crack a smile

crack down

crack of dawn

cracked up

cracking

crackpot

crack the whip

crack up

cradle

cradle robber

cramp

cramp one's style

crash dive

crash-dive

crash the gate

craw

crawl up

crazy

cream

cream of the crop

creature of habit

credibility gap

credit

creek

creep

creep up on

crew

crew cut

crisp

crocodile tears

crook

crop

crop out

cropper

crop up

cross

cross a bridge before one comes to it

cross-check(1)

cross-check(2)

cross fire

cross one's fingers

cross one's heart

cross one's mind

cross one's path

cross street

cross swords

cross the wire

cross up

crow

crow before one is out of the woods

crown jewels

crow to pick

crust

crux of the matter

cry

cry

cry before one is hurt

cry buckets

cry for

cry out

cry out for

cry over spilled milk

crystal ball

crystal gazing

cry uncle

cry wolf

cub scout

cucumber

cudgel

cudgel one's brains

cue in

cuff

culture vulture

cup

cup of tea

curb service

curiosity killed the cat

curl

curl one's hair

curl up

current

curry favor

curve

cut

cut a class

cut a figure

cut across

cut-and-dried

cut and run

cut a swathe

cut back

cut back

cutback

cut both ways

cut corners

cut down

cut down to size

cut ice

cut in

cut into

cut loose

cut no ice

cut off

cut off one's nose to spite one's face

cut offs

cut one's eyeteeth on

cut one's losses

cut one's teeth on

cut one's throat

cut out(1)

cut out(2)

cut rate(1)

cut-rate(2)

cut short

cut teeth

cut the ground from under

cut the mustard

cut-throat

cut to pieces

cut to the bone

cut to the quick

cut two ways

cut up